Breast Cancer is the most common type of cancer among women which occurs when the cells in the breast become malignant. It can also affect men but it is less common than in women. Breast tumors generally appear in the lobules or in the milk ducts that lead to the nipple. When the breast cancer detected in early stages there is a huge possibility of recovery. That’s why it is very important for women to check their breasts regularly. However it is difficult for a women to detect the breast cancer in early stages by herself as it doesn’t causes any syptoms. Usually the first noticible symptom is a mass or lump in the breast.
Any of the below indicated changes in the breast can be signs of breast cancer;
- Changes in the size, shape, contour of the breast
- Color changes of the skin on the breast or nipple
- Mass or lump in the breast or armpit
- Blood stained or fluid discharge from nipple
Breast cancer usually begins in the lobules (lobular carcinoma) or milk ducts (ductal carcinoma). From there it can speard to other parts of the body through the blood vessels. Speared cancerous cells may attached to the other organs liver, brain, lung and bones and can be form new tumors (Invasive breast cancer).
Treatment options for the breast cancer depends on the varios factors including general health status of the patient, age of the patient, size, type, grade and growth rate of the cancer. The stage is determined by the size of the tumor and whether it has speard the lymph nodes or other organs such as liver, brain, lung and bones.
We use multidisciplinary approach to provide a complete range of services for the diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of patients with breast cancer. We offer our patients easy access to evaluation and treatment of breast cancer utilizing the state-of-the-art technology and techniques. Our patients never have to wait for any waiting lists, preventing further uneasiness, discomfort and additional health risks.
Breast cancer can be treated by the combination of surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormonal therapy.SURGERY FOR BREAST CANCER
Surgery is the primary treatment option for patients who are diagnosed with breast cancer. There are many different types of surgery for breast cancer. The type of the surgery determined by the surgeon depending on; the size of the cancer, where the cancer located in the breast,the size of the breasts and patients personal preferences.
Our surgeons are among the Turkey’s most successful providers of breast canser surgeries. Specializing in breast surgery our highly-experienced surgeons perform a wide variety of surgeries from minor procedures to extremely complicated surgeries that require extensive inpatient management and treatments. They are offering tissue-preserving surgeries and advanced techniques that provide the best results while minimizing the need for additional surgery and radiation.
During the consultation to determine the most appropriate surgical options for the patients individual situation, our surgeon will provide the information about the planned operation and post-operative care and the recovery process.
The following are the surgical procedures that our surgeons perform:
- Simple (Total) Mastectomy
- Modified Radical Mastectomy (Total Mastectomy With Axillary Lymph Node Dissection)
- Breast Conserving Surgery (Lumpectomy)
- Nipple and Skin-Sparing Mastectomy
Breast Conserving Surgery (Lumpectomy)
Surgery to remove the area of cancer in the breast is called breast conserving surgery or lumpectomy. The surgeon takes away the tumour and a border of healthy tissue around the tumour to preserve as much healthy breast tissue as possible. Lumpectomy is performed on patients with early stage breast cancer, whose tumor is small or localized.
Nipple and Skin-Sparing Mastectomy
During this operation, inner breast tissue is removed but the nipple, areola and skin remain, allowing a better cosmetic result with reconstruction. At the same time with the surgery the immediate breast reconstruction is available for our patients. Our surgeons combine oncologic and plastic surgical techniques in the same procedure to remove the tumor and restructure the breast.
Simple (Total) Mastectomy
Surgery to remove the the entire breast, nipple, skin and at least one lymph node for biopsy is called simple (total) mastectomy. This surgery is performed when the tumor is too large relative to breast size or when there are multiple tumors in the breast. Prophylactic mastectomy is a consideration for women with genetic mutations of the BRCA1, 2 genes, for treatment and/or prevention of breast cancer.
Modified Radical Mastectomy (Total Mastectomy With Axillary Lymph Node Dissection)
Surgery to remove the the entire breast including nipple, areola, skin and most of the lymph nodes in the arm pit (axillary lymph nodes). It also removes the chest wall muscles under the breast This is the most extensive version of mastectomy.
RADIOTHERAPY FOR BREAST CANCER
Radiotherapy also called radiation therapy uses low dose radiation rays to destroy the cancer cells remaining after the surgery. In addition to other treatments in some cases depending on the type of the surgery that patient had and the stage of the cancer, the treatment continious with radiaotherapy and chemotherapy. Usually chemotherapy is performed before the radiaotherapy. Radiaotherapy is usually recomended after breast conserving surgery or mastectomy surgery to destroy cancer cells which were remained in the chest wall.
Radiotherapy is used for;
- After breast-conserving surgery to prevent the recurrent of the tumor
- After mastectomy surgery if the cancer speard to lymph nodes
- to destroy remaining tumour cells after the surgery
- to reduce or stop the growth rate of the tumour.
- If it speard to other organs such as liver, brain, lung and bones.
Radiation treatments usually starts about two weeks to one month after the surgery depending on the healing process of the operation site. If the patient is undergoing chemotherapy, radiotherapy will be postponed until the end of the chemotherapy.
The treatment is providing with a machine called linear accelerator. It is delivered once in a day and five days in a week (Monday through Friday) for three to six weeks. Each session will take only a few minutes.
We are pleased to provide immediate access to cancer treatment at affordable prices. Patients can rest assured that that we will collaborate and explore all treatment options, providing the best care available.
CHEMOTHERAPY FOR BREAST CANCER
Chemotherapy simply means ‘drug treatment’ and aims to cure cancer or relieve any symptoms that cancer can cause. Chemotherapy teratment is not used for all women who are suffering from breast cancer. Chemotherapy uses anti cancer medications to destroy cancer cells. The medications circulate throug the body in the bloodstream and destroy the fast-growing cancer cells while causing least possible damage to healthy cells.
Chemothepary can be performed before the surgery (called as adjuvant chemotherapy) or after the surgery (called as neoadjuvant chemotherapy). Chemotherapy after the surgery can be performed to destroy remaining tumour cells after the surgery. According the result of the pathology if there is a risk of recurring or spreading adjuvant chemotherapy will be recommended to the patient. Chemotherapy before the surgery is used to minimize the large tumors to enable the surgeon remove the tumor completely.
Usually, patients are given a number of cycles of chemotherapy in order to destroy as many of the cancer cells as possible. During the each cycles combination of 2 or 3 anti cancer drugs are administered to the patient. In some cases breast cancer may produce growth protein calls as HER2 in this cases special drugs such as herceptin, perjeta, tykerb can be administered to the patient. If there is evidence of metastazis in the other parts of the body chemotherapy is used as primary treatment
We areproviding our patients with coordinated multi-disciplinary care, high quality clinical outcomes, access to leading edge technology and clinical trials, cost-efficient care, outstanding patient experience, research and innovation, and a holistic approach to patient care.