In Vitro Fertilization, commonly referred to as IVF, is a procedure in which extracted eggs from the woman’s ovaries fertilised with sperm samples in a laboratory. If the eggs fertilized, one or two healthy embryos (fertilised eggs) are are transferred into the woman’s uterus. After that if an embryo implants itself in the uterine wall, the woman becomes pregnant. Remaining healthy embryos can be frozen for storage.
Through our partnership with IVF clinics we are pleased to provide immediate access to infertility treatment at affordable prices. Patients can rest assured that we will collaborate and explore all treatment options, providing the best care available.
Couples with both female and male factor infertility may benefit from IVF treatment. IVF increase the chance of pregnancy for woman who are suffering from tubal disease, endometriosis, failure of ovulation, male factor infertility and unexplained infertility.
IVF may be necessary for infertility issues such as,
- Tubal disease; blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
- Reduced ovarian function
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Uterine fibroids
- Male infertility; reduced sperm count or abnormalities in sperm
- Unexplained infertility
IVF consists of five steps for completion of one IVF cycle.
STEP 1: Overian stimulation:
In a normal menstrual cycle, women ovulate one egg. With the use of various medications to stimulate multiple eggs in the ovaries amount of follicles can be increased. When the eggs reach the proper size, patient receives a hCG injection Eggs are retrieved after 36 hours.
STEP 2: Egg retrieval
When the follicles are determined mature the patient’s eggs are retrieved under anesthesia by using ultrasound guidance, and sent to the laboratory for fertilization. The egg retrieval process (Transvaginal Aspiration) usually takes 30 minutes and the patient is able to go home after a few hours later.
STEP 3: Insemination (Fertilization)
The fertilization process involves placing healthy sperms with each egg and left to incubate overnight. In some cases when achieving fertilization is difficult, a single sperm is injected into each egg. This process is called ICSI (injecting the sperm into the egg). Fertilization occurs after 16 hours.
STEP 4: Embryo culture
2 days after fertilization,eggs become 2 to 4 cell embryos. 5 days after fertilization the embryos are developed and become blastocysts. After that blastocysts and emryos are graded according to the number of cells, symmetry of growth and degree of fragmentation. If needed PGD/PGS can be performed to blastocysts.
STEP 5: Embryo Transfer
Generally 5-6 days after after fertilization, embryos are placed into the most favorable part of the uterus. The number of embryos transferred depends on the patient’s health status, age and the embryo quality. Remaining embryos can be frozen and stored for future cycles by cryopreservation. After two weeks blood pregnancy test is performed.